My Child or My Job

This video documentary was school project while we were a senior student at Department of Media and Communication.

Women garment workers struggle to raise her life properly. More Struggle for garment worker is when they are pregnant and after they they deliver a baby. How can those garment worker raise their baby, while the garment factory do not have proper child for centre to breast-feed their baby. How about the health of their baby?

According to Meoun Tola, Head of the labor program at the Community Legal Education Center (CLEC) says more than 70,000 workers are working in 600 garment factories these days. And women make up to 90% of them.

The short video documentary will briefly comprehend your understanding about this issue.

More detail: Click here

Crisis changing HIV/AIDS fight

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Chin Panhavion, The Jakarta Post, Jakarta

The number of HIV/AIDS victims has been noticeably decreasing as Cambodia has fought this communicable disease for two decades.

“The infection prevalence of HIV/AIDS has reduced, from 1.7 percent during 1997–1998 to 0.7 percent in 2011,” the director of the Center for HIV, Skin Disease and Venereal Disease at the Cambodia’s Ministry of Health, Mean Chhivun, said recently.

In the third phase of its fight between 2011 and 2020, Cambodia is committed to reducing HIV/AIDS prevalence to under one person a day.

“This is a new stage to prevent newly infected HIV/AIDS patients in Cambodia,” Mean Chhivun said.

The first case of HIV/AIDS in Cambodia was found in 1991. The prevalence of infections reached its peak of 1.7 percent, six years later.

Between 1997 and 1998, 100 people were infected with HIV/AIDS every day. Amazingly, the number has dramatically decreased to 2 to 3 new HIV patients a day in 2011.

Between 1997 and 2000, the virus not only affected the patient but their whole families.

Phok Bunreun of the HIV/AIDS Coordinating Committee (HACC), a network of over 120 international and local civil society groups working on HIV/AIDS, said that many families got into difficulties and ran out of money because they had to take care of their infected family members.

“People had to sell their land or homes n order to care for their HIV/AIDS-infected family member,” he told The Jakarta Post over the phone.

In 2001, the ministry began to cooperate with international community and civil society groups working on HIV/AIDS.

It started with antiretroviral drugs. The result have been quite encouraging. “Patients’ health is improving and they can work to support their families,” Phok Bunreun said.

The program developed into a public awareness campaign about HIV/AIDS using television, radio and print.

Norn Yean, 37, who got infected with HIV in 2008, told how she often fell sick, tired and got headaches.

But after taking antiretroviral drugs from NGO in her village, she felt better and could work.

“My neighbors are very friendly. They don’t discriminate me. They take care of me,” Norn Yean said.

Mean Chhivun said that the program succeeded in raising people’s awareness of the disease and an estimated 97 percent of the Cambodian people now know about the virus.

Moreover, until May, 90 percent of local HIV/AIDS patients, equal to 47,193 people, including 4,515 children, received medical check-ups, compared to only 71 people in 2001

Now, Cambodia has 66 medical centers for HIV/AIDS patients and 33 medical centers for HIV/AIDS infected children.

However, the global economic downturn has triggered new concern.

Budgets for fighting against HIV/AIDS have been cut. VOA Cambodia has reported that Cambodia has received US$50 million a year for HIV prevention, treatment, from the international communities with the US Agency for International Development and the Global Fund for AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria as the core donors.

Despite the funding cut, Mean Chhinstill was optimistic that the program could still be run.

“We should find new strategies and focus only on major priority program,” he said.

Phok Bunreun, whose HACC received about $200,000 for 2010–2011, but received less for 2011–2012, said all elements should refocus their programs.

“Otherwise, HIV will explode again, like in 2007. It is like the back wave pushes the front wave,” he warned.

The writer is an intern at The Jakarta Post.

ASEAN’s chief looks to consolidate as grouping turns 45

The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) celebrates its 45th anniversary on Aug. 8, and ASEAN Secretary-General Surin Pitsuwan took time to speak with The Jakarta Post’s Yohanna Ririhena and intern Chin Panhavion on the association’s accomplishments to date and the challenges it faces in the future.

Question: How do you describe ASEAN at 45?

Anwer: ASEAN has accomplished a great deal, but it is expected to do more. If it was a human being, it would be in the prime of its life. I think ASEAN has been able to evolve incrementally to attract a lot of confidence from the international community. We have been trying to integrate within and among ourselves — and we are doing quite well — but we should go on our own.

There has been a lot of interest and attention focused on East Asia or ASEAN lately, which we have to handle. For some issues, the pressure is a bit high. We need to adjust how to handle it. If we want to maintain centrality in Asia, then we have to consolidate.

Question:How have the dreams of ASEAN’s founders been realized?

Answer:Far beyond their articulated dreams. ASEAN came at a moment when many regional architectures and regional arrangements failed. It has fulfilled its expansion [to 10 members nations] and become a
region of peace and stability.

ASEAN came about with modest expectations to create a forum and to focus on economic and cultural cooperation. Later, we evolved into a community. ASEAN has contributed to common prosperity. However, there are still a lot of gaps to be addressed.

Question:How can ASEAN help the peoples of its member nations?

We must develop an ASEAN perspective on every issue. We should not come in with separate individual interests, but try to evolve an ASEAN perspective with an ASEAN character on every issue that we pursue.

A common position is the minimum. A solid understanding of the issues [is needed] and [we must] present a unified front, rather than a disparate [one].

That’s a bit abstract — and easier said than done — but it is the only way forward. It needs a central mechanism that is more effective, stronger and enhanced in its capacity.

Question: What is ASEAN’s most pressing challenge?

Answer:To consolidate itself to handle the stresses, the strains and the pressures that are piling up.

We are now a victim of our own success, such that many people want to be in the forum, on this stage. We need to find an effective mechanism to handle the pressure and the heat.

We could provide an effective ambiance for discussing issues for the entire East Asia region. We have to manage emerging rivalries, especially when the issue comes closer to home, between major dialogue partners.

We could provide a forum when an external power is having an issue with us or with some of us. We may find it a bit difficult to handle, but we will get through this.

I am sure that everyone wishes that we succeed. Our success is in their interest, too, to play a balancing act between mechanism and centrality.

Question: What should ASEAN do to manage the power rivalries in its own backyard?

Answer: ASEAN should be very consolidated, very united and creative. Among themselves, ASEAN [member nations] must be very accommodative with each other and must present a common front and a united front on every issue.

Last year, Indonesia talked about a common position 10 years from now, in 2022. Now, the situation is calling for an even earlier consolidation of a common position on issues within the community and the external community.

What lesson did ASEAN learn from Phnom Penh, when ministers failed to agree to issue a joint communiqué for the first time in the association’s history?

If we are not fully united and integrated, we can become the victim of external powers. The pressure here is not that someone is trying to push us, but pressure of issues and differences.

This [incident] will not be the last time. It will happen again. A wave can become tsunami, one after another, coming to our shore.

These are the pressures. Everybody is converging on the landscape and on the stage of ASEAN. Naturally, you feel the heat, you hear the noise, you hear the differences being aired.

ASEAN has to consolidate more and has to work much harder in order to present a common front on every issue.

Khmer Rouge and learning lessons for better future of Cambodia

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Photo: ECCC

Chin Panhavion, The Jakarta Post , Jakarta

Khmer Rouge regime collapsed more than 30 yeas ago, however its bitter legacy remains deep in the heart of the Cambodian people. During its short reign from 1975 to 1979, the Khmer Rouge ruled with a brutality that claimed the lives of more than 2 million people.

Ever since that terrible time, Cambodia has struggled to raise awareness among its people and make sure those dark days would never return again. The effort is especially significant for young people.

Toch Sereyrath, an upper-secondary-school student in Phnom Penh, said the atrocities carried out by the Khmer Rouge were beyond her imagination, but she believed the things she heard about what happened to the Cambodian people during the Khmer Rouge period. “I have seen documentary films and heard old people in the family and neighbors talking about it.”

She visited two of the killing fields sites: Toul Sleng, a notorious prison popularly called S-21, and Cherng Ek, a site where the Khmer Rouge regime executed about 17,000 people.

Sereyrath wanted to know more about Khmer Rouge and the reasons behind the atrocities. To this end, the student joined an outreach program conducted by Extraordinary Chambers in the Court of Cambodia (ECCC), commonly known as the Khmer Rouge Tribunal and the Cambodian Genocide Tribunal. The ECCC was established jointly by the government of Cambodia and the United Nations (UN), to try the most senior members of the Khmer Rouge.

“I learned that the ECCC trial is part of a justice process that can help heal survivors’ emotional wounds. But the most important things is that we [the youth] learn about the past in order to make a better future,” Sereyrath said.

The UN-backed Khmer Rouge tribunal is in the process of prosecuting the Khmer Rouge hierarchy. The ECCC has now completely finished case 001 that sentenced Kaing Guek Eav (alias Duch) the former chairman of the Khmer Rouge S-21 Security Center in Phnom Penh to life imprisonment. Now the ECCC is pursuing case 002 which is more complicated. Case 002 concerns four top leaders of Khmer Rouge: Noun Chean, Ieng Sary, Ieng Thearith and Khieu Samphan.

Chea Sakal, junior student at Royal University of Law and Economics, urged young people not to forget the past. “Besides the loss of human life, the notorious regime has left behind orphans, broken families, trauma, and the destruction of infrastructure.”

Long Khet, executive director of Youth for Peace (YFP) said research has found that the younger generation, who had no direct experience of the regime, found it difficult to believe what happened during Khmer Rouge period, but their general feelings are of victimization and shame.

YFP has developed activities to educate young people and engage them in social reconciliation. During the program, participants were asked to conduct interviews with their family and other survivors and write stories on the Khmer Rouge. “They gain knowledge and experience through inter-generational dialogue.”

After joining the program, Long Khet said, the participants get a deeper understanding of the past and become committed to study and work harder in order to prevent atrocities in the future.

Neth Pheaktra, spokesperson for the ECCC told The Jakarta Post via email that the ECCC has a variety of activities for young people aimed at finding truth and justice. More than 60,000 students from over 38 schools and universities across Cambodia joined the program from October 2009 to
June 2012.

“It is crucial that the young Cambodian generation know their past. The issue of justice cannot stop at the level of the ECCC, but youth must be empowered and involved with the processes of reconciliation,” he added.

Young people participate in helping survivors understand the proceedings and then distributing information about the court to villagers. “It is very important that the process of finding justice and the learning of history are going together to fill up the blank pages of Cambodian history.”

The writer is an intern at The Jakarta Post

The discovery step

i. The people who have  positive differences in my life. Their qualities of those person that I would like to develop:

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ii.  Imagine 20 year from now, I am going to be surrounded by the most important people in my life. so Who are there and what am I doing:

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iii. If i could spend one day in a great library and studying anything i want. What would I study?

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iv.  List down 10 things that I love to do and absolutely love to do

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v.  Describe a time when i was deeply inspired:

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vi. Five year from now, the local newspaper does a story about you and they want to interview three people, my parents, sibling and friends, what would i want to say about you?

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vii. Thinking about something that represent me. why does it represent me?

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viii.If I could spend an hour with any person who ever live. Who would that be? Why that person? What would I ask?

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ix. Everyone has one or more talent. Which of the ones above I am good at( good with numbers, good with words, creative thinking, athletics. making things happen, sensing needs, Mechanical, artistic, working well with people, memorizing things, decision making, building things, accepting others, predicting what will happen, speaking, writing, dancing, listening, humorous, sharing, music, trivia)? or Write down ones not listed?

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Reference:

Convey, S.(1998). The 7 habits of highly effective teens. New York: Simon & Schuster